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Gap year II

(GMT+08:00) 2012-07-04 14:04:33       CRI

Parang ang gap year ay popular sa mga maunlad na bansa, hindi sa ating mga bansang Asyano.

Nagsimula ito sa Britanya noong ika-6 na dekada ng ika-20 siglo. Noong panahong iyon, pinayuhan ng pamahalaan na maglakbay o makipagpalitan ng kultura ang mga estudyante para mapahigpit ang komong palagay, at upang pigilin ang muling pagkaganap ng world war. Tatlo ang mahalagang element nito: 1. Sariling paglalakbay, 2. Boluntaryong pagtrabaho, 3. Pagbalanse ng paglalakbay at pagtrabaho. Para sa mga kabataan sa mga umuunlad ng bansa, dahil sa limitasyon sa pera at tradisyonal na ideya, hindi pa ito lumalaganap.

Sa kasalukuyan, nagiging mas popular ang gap year dito sa Tsina, at nagkakaroon ito ng mga katig mula sa pamahalaan at organong panlipunan.

Itinatag ng mga lumalahok o kalahok sa gap year o gapper ang isang website www.freegapper.com, para magbahagi ng impormasyon at karanasan hinggil sa gap year.

Ini-oorganisa ng pamahalang Tsino bawat taon ang boluntaryong pagtuturo sa mga mahihirap na rehiyon ng bansa, at ipinapadala ang mga boluntir sa mga dayuhang bansa para maturo ang wikang Tsino.

Ang gap year ay bagong bagay para sa mga umuunlad na bansa. Para mas mabuting mapaunlad ito, kailangan ang pagkatig ng pamahalaan, mga organisasyong panlipunan, mga paaralan, at mga magulang.

Gap year sa mga bansa:

Australia

Australia is a popular destination for overseas gap year travelers as well as being a common source of gap year travelers. Usually, around 2% of Australians take a year off prior to attending tertiary education and choose to travel abroad (usually South East Asia or Europe) or within Australia backpacking, and within the last decade "Gap Year" students join the Australian Defense Force in the ADF's Gap Year program, some opt to stay on in the ADF, but others do continue on to tertiary education.

Denmark

Denmark has sought to limit the number of students who take a year out, penalizing students who delay their education to travel abroad or work full time. In 2006, it was announced that fewer students than before had taken a year out. In April 2009, the Danish government proposed a new law which gives a bonus to students who refrain from a year out.

Ghana

In Ghana, all Senior high school leavers have a year out from August to the August of the following year although this is not mandatory. Brilliant students can avoid this one year break by taking the private high school final exam in their second year instead, before graduating in the third year.

India

In India, the practice of taking time out to travel after high school education, popularly called a drop year has been on a steep rise in recent years, primarily students deciding to enroll in coaching institutions to prepare themselves for rigorous college entrance examinations, including the IIT-JEE, the entrance test for the Indian Institute of Technology.

Japan

The employment practice known as Simultaneous Recruiting of New Graduates matches students with jobs before graduation, and the practice of a sabbatical is unusual in Japan as a result.

United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, the practice of a gap year is extremely popular, with a number of students taking pre-unitersity gap years and post university gap years. Many of the students chose to do some gap year travelling, and the tendency is increasing.

United States

In the United States, the practice of taking a "year off" remains the exception. Taking a year out has recently become slightly more common for Americans, with prevailing reasons as a feeling of being burned out of classroom education and a desire to understand oneself better.Universities such as New York University, Amherst College, Princeton University, Harvard University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Yeshiva University, and Reed College have formal policies allowing students to defer admission. In recent years there has been an increase in 21-23 year olds taking time off after completing their degrees.

Yemen

In Yemen, a defer year is obligatory between secondary school and University. Unless you attend a private University, you have to wait one year after secondary school before you can apply to University. Until the nineties it was mandatory for male graduates to go to the army for one year, and to teach in a school or work in a hospital for female graduates (and for men who cannot attend the army for health reasons).

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